“Final Draft” of US UN Security Council Resolution on NonproliferationSeptember 19, 2009 # 5:31 pm # Armed Conflict, Foreign Policy, International Law, International Organizations # No Comment
Laura Rozen reports:
Arms control takes center stage when President Barack Obama heads to New York this week, becoming the first American president to lead a United Nations Security Council summit on nonproliferation Thursday.
The U.S. plans to introduce this nonproliferation and disarmament resolution at the meeting. I’ve posted two earlier working drafts that the U.S. distributed to Security Council members earlier in the week. This draft, dated September 18th, I am told is the final “blue” draft.
Among the most interesting provisions of the forthcoming U.S. resolution is one that would make rights under the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) contingent upon meeting all other obligations in the treaty. In other words, a country such as Iran found to be in violation of its obligations under the treaty would lose its right to pursue peaceful nuclear energy. Iran has insisted it has an inalienable right to enrich that must be internationally recognized.
Another provision which has been moved from the preamble into the latest draft’s operative paragraphs would call on nuclear states to pledge not to use nukes on non-nuclear states.
Other nonproliferation events taking place in New York next week include Secretary of State Hillary Clinton heading the U.S. delegation to the UN conference on implementing the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty (CTBT), assisted by Under Secretary of State for Arms Control Ellen Tauscher and her team.
The Security Council session should be quite interesting. Stay tuned for more details.